معرفی خود به زبان انگلیسی در مصاحبه شغلی [ ۳۳ سوال و جواب ]

معرفی خود به زبان انگلیسی در مصاحبه شغلی [ ۳۳ سوال و جواب ]

معرفی خود به زبان انگلیسی در مصاحبه شغلی [ ۳۳ سوال و جواب ]

در مسیر شغلی‌مان گاهی نیاز پیدا می‌کنیم خودمان را به زبان انگلیسی معرفی کنیم؛ مثلاً در کنفرانس‌ها، جلسات با شرکای خارجی و مصاحبه‌های شغلی. هرکدام از این موارد اهمیت ویژه‌ای دارند. در این بین مصاحبه‌ها به خودی خود نگرانی‌هایی برای مصاحبه‌شونده به همراه دارند، چه برسد به اینکه فرد مجبور شود به زبان دیگری خودش را معرفی کند!

با وجود اینکه مصاحبه‌های استخدامی در ایران عموماً به زبان فارسی برگزار می‌شوند، بعضی از شرکت‌ها به علل مختلف از زبان انگلیسی برای جلسه مصاحبه استفاده می‌کنند. اگر بخواهیم در جلسه مصاحبه‌ای شرکت کنیم که به زبان انگلیسی برگزار می‌شود، چگونه خود را به انگلیسی معرفی کنیم؟

اولین نکته این است که از هر فرد متناسب با جایگاه شغلی‌اش، انتظارات متفاوتی وجود خواهد داشت. صحبت کردن درست و روان و رساندن مفهوم برای افرادی که در جایگاه مذاکره و فروش قرار می‌گیرند و یا به صورت کلی از زبان انگلیسی برای مکالمه استفاده می‌کنند، اهمیت بالایی خواهد داشت، بنابراین این افراد باید قبل از مصاحبه خود را برای استفاده از جملات و عبارات مطلوب آماده کنند.

از آنجایی که سوالات مصاحبه استخدامی به چند دسته خاص محدود می‌شوند، تلاش کرده‌ایم همه آن‌ها را در این مقاله گرد آوریم و نمونه متن پاسخ مناسب هر کدام ارائه کنیم. با وجود این بهتر است هر فرد با توجه به جایگاه شغلی، خود را برای سؤالات تخصصی رشته و مهارتش آماده کند.

 

در این مقاله می‌خوانید :

 

بخش اول: سؤالات دست‌گرمی

سؤالات عمومی یا به قول معروف دست‌گرمی از آن دست سؤالاتی هستند که عموماً برای شکستن یخ رابطه میان مصاحبه‌کننده و مصاحبه‌شونده پرسیده می‌شوند. این سؤالات به شما فضایی می‌دهند که جو مصاحبه را به نفع خودتان تغییر دهید و روی مصاحبه‌کننده تأثیر مثبتی بگذارید. بهتر است این سؤالات را با جملات و عبارت‌های کوتاه جواب ندهید و از این فرصت برای معرفی کردن خود به شیوه‌ای غیرمستقیم استفاده کنید.

 


تجربه‌های مصاحبه در شرکت دیجی کالا


 

۱. اینجا را راحت پیدا کردی؟

پاسخ به این سؤال آسان است اما به جای اینکه با تعارف‌های رایج از این سؤال عبور کنید، می‌توانید از فرصت پاسخ برای نشان دادن ویژگی‌های مثبت‌تان مثل نظم، وقت‌شناسی و نقاط قوت مرتبط دیگر استفاده کنید.

How was your journey here today?

“Yes it was a good journey, thanks. I’ve never been to this building before so I carried out a dummy run last night. The last thing I wanted was to be late for the interview so I made sure that I prepared fully. I got up early this morning, checked the travel news and then set off with plenty of time to spare. I arrived here 30 minutes early so I sat in my car, composed myself and re-read my notes about the job and your company.”

 

 

۲. چرا برای این شغل درخواست دادی؟

این سؤال یکی از رایج‌ترین سؤالات مصاحبه‌های شغلی است که برای جواب دادن به آن باید ظرافت زیادی به خرج بدهید. یادتان باشد مصاحبه‌کننده یا مدیر استخدام هر روز بارها جملاتی مثل «از بچگی این شغل رو دوست داشتم» یا «این کار برام خیلی جذابیت داره» را می‌شنوند. پاسخ شما به این سؤال باید صادقانه و منحصربه‌فرد باشد و شما را از سایر متقاضیان متمایز کند.

برای پاسخ به این سؤال موارد زیر را در نظر داشته باشید:

  • در جواب‌تان نشان دهید که درباره شرکت، کاری که انجام می‌دهد و جایگاه شغلی موردنظرتان تحقیق کرده‎اید.
  • سعی کنید تجربه‌ها و مهارت‌های‌تان را به صورت کلی در این پاسخ بگنجانید.

Why have you decided to apply for this job?

“I understand that this role requires very good communication and team working skills. I believe I am very strong in these areas, and therefore I would be a valuable asset to the team. Having researched the job and organization extensively I have noticed a common theme appearing time and time again – professionalism. I have also spoken to people who already work within this team, and the feedback I have received has been excellent. I really want to work for this team and the skills and experience I have already gained will allow me to contribute towards the organization’s goals in a positive manner.”

سؤالات دست‌گرمی انواع مختلفی دارند، اما نکته مهمی که هنگام پاسخ به آن‌ها باید در نظر داشته باشید این است که این سؤالات نقش مهمی در ایجاد ارتباطی مثبت با مصاحبه‌کننده و تأثیرگذاری بر او خواهد داشت.

 


تجربه‌های مصاحبه در شرکت کافه بازار


بخش دوم: سوالات عمومی

حالا می‌رویم سراغ سؤالات اصلی مصاحبه. از آنجایی که تعداد این سؤالات بسیار زیاد است و وابسته به جایگاه شغلی متقاضی، متفاوت. سعی می‌کنیم به سؤالات عمومی بپردازیم؛ برای بخش‌های مهم توضیحی کوتاه اضافه کنیم و نمونه‌ای از متن پاسخ‌های انگلیسی مطلوب را به شما نشان دهیم.

 

 

۱. درباره خودت بگو

برای پاسخ به این سؤال، از خانواده و آشنا و حیوان خانگی‌تان حرف نزنید، قرار نیست بیوگرافی خودتان را به زبان انگلیسی بگویید! اینجا آغاز مصاحبه است و شما باید مصاحبه‌کننده را با مهارت‌ها و تجربیات مرتبط کاری و تخصصی‌تان تحت تأثیر قرار دهید.

Question 1: Tell me about yourself

“My strong points are that I am focused, enthusiastic and dedicated. For example, whilst working for my current employer I was successful in achieving my annual appraisal sales target with 4 months to spare.

I like to ensure that I maintain a healthy balance between my personal and professional life. This helps me to maintain a high level of performance at work.

I recently embarked on a Diploma course, which I am now halfway through. I enjoy new challenges and like to take care of my own self-development.

I am an active person and enjoy visiting the gym 4 times a week. Some of my other hobbies include art, walking and cooking.

I am a caring person and when I have the spare time I try to get involved in community events in my local town. I recently ran a half marathon raising £450 for a local charity.

Overall I would say that I am a reliable, self-conscious and hard-working person who always looks for ways to improve.”

 

 

۲. درباره این شرکت چه چیزهایی می‌دانی؟

این سؤال یکی از سؤالات رایج در مصاحبه‌های شغلی است؛ با وجود این چه مصاحبه‌کننده از شما درباره اطلاعات‌تان راجع به شرکت سؤال کند و چه چیزی نپرسد، شما باید وضعیت شرکت را قبل از مصاحبه بررسی کنید. اول از همه وب‌سایت و شبکه‌های اجتماعی شرکت را ببینید و بعد اخباری را که درباره آن منتشر شده مطالعه کنید. از بررسی رقبا و بازار هدف شرکت غافل نشوید.

Question 2: What have you learnt about this company?

“In the build up to the interview I carried out lots of research about your organization. I found out that there are 70 staff who work for the company in various roles, from customer service representatives to senior managers. The Head Office is centered in Reading, but the majority of business is carried out at the 26 retail stores you operate throughout the UK, in counties such as Kent, Lancashire, Berkshire and Yorkshire. The company has a very good reputation for delivering high quality services, and as a result, has received awards at a national level for delivering excellence. It has also received Investors in People status. I am a professional and skilled person who would love to work in a company like yours, which constantly strives to improve and deliver excellence.”

 

 

۳. نقاط قوتت چیست؟

برای پاسخ به این سؤال به مواردی اشاره کنید که به تخصص شغلی و مهارت‌های نرم‌تان در کار مرتبط است. برای اثبات ویژگی‌های مثبت‌تان از مثال‌های واقعی و تجربه‌های گذشته‌تان استفاده کنید.

Question 3: What are your Strengths?

“One of my strengths is that I have the ability to implement change in difficult circumstances. For example whilst working for my previous employer I implemented a new policy under difficult and adverse conditions. The team were not happy with the changes that were being implemented, but I managed to motivate them by holding regular updates and team meetings. I have the ability to understand that the needs of the company will always come first. My strengths include an ability to inspire and motivate a team, as and when required.”

 

 

۴. نقاط ضعفت چیست؟

مسلماً بدترین جواب به این سؤال این است که بگویید نقطه ضعفی ندارید. البته باید حواستان را جمع کنید و در جواب دادن محتاط باشید. مثلاً اگر قرار است مسئول ارتباط با مشتریان باشید اما آدمی خجالتی هستید، احتمالاً به درد این کار نمی‌خورید.

بهتر است نشان دهید که نسبت به نقاط ضعف‌تان آگاهید و برای رفع آن‌ها برنامه دارید و یا همزمان با نقاط ضعف‌تان، نقاط قوت بسیاری دارید که آن‌ها را پوشش می‌دهند.

Question 4: What are your weaknesses?

“In my previous job I found it difficult to delegate work to others. I can be a bit of a perfectionist at times and I like a job or task to be done correctly to a high standard. Unfortunately this lack of trust caused problems within my team and a member of staff approached me to tell me they were not happy with the way I was working. I took their comments onboard and decided to ask the rest of the team if they felt the same. The feedback I received was along the same lines – that the majority of people felt I should delegate more work and responsibility to them. Following this feedback I decided to change my style of approach and began to delegate more work, placing greater trust on my colleagues. This had a very positive effect and the workload increased dramatically as a result of this change. Morale within the team improved too and now I hold regular feedback meetings with my colleagues to see how we can improve.”

 

 

۵. از کار تیمی لذت می‌بری؟

برای جواب به این سؤال لازم است جنس شغلی را که برای آن درخواست داده‌اید، در نظر بگیرید. مثلاً اگر برای این کار لازم است همراه یک تیم کار کنید، باید اهل کار تیمی باشید و اگر شغلتان باعث می‌شود تنها کار کنید، نباید ادعا کنید بدون همکاران‌تان نمی‌توانید کار کنید! بهترین استراتژی این است که نشان دهید با تمام شرایط کنار می‌آیید (البته اگر واقعاً اینطوری هستید!)

Q 5: Do you enjoy working in a team?

“In a previous role I was required to work as part of a 30-strong sales team. I really enjoyed the atmosphere within that team and managed to learn so much from other members. Yes I do enjoy working in a team environment but conversely my adaptability allows me to work in any environment. I would say that I can work either as one of a team or an individual depending on the requirements of the role. If I am required to work as part of a team then I will always listen carefully to the provided brief, keep in communication with the other team members, support those people who need supporting in the team, and also learn from any mistakes that the team makes so that we can improve next time. I can remember one particular occasion when I was required to work as part of a team. Sales figures for the month were low and we were required to work as a team in order to generate new business leads. We all came together as a team and discussed the different options available to us. My role within the team was to source potential new clients over a two-week period whilst others sent out promotional materials once I had created the new leads. As a team we managed to increase sales and revenue by 50% in just a short space of time.”

معرفی خود به زبان انگلیسی

 

۶. اهل ریسک هستی؟

برای جواب دادن به این سؤال هم لازم است شرایط شرکت و نوع کارتان را در نظر بگیرید و نشان دهید تنها در صورتی ریسک می‌کنید که تمام شرایط را بررسی کرده باشید و احتمال شکست را پایین بدانید.

Q 6: Are you a risk taker?

“If the situation requires, then I am not averse to taking risks. However, the risks that I do take are always carefully thought through and focused on achieving the goal. I would always look, wherever possible, to consult my manager before taking the risk. In a previous role I was required to take risks on a weekly basis. However, those risks were always carefully calculated and veered on the side of caution. With regards to Health and Safety matters I would never take any risks and I would certainly never breach confidentiality.” Sample response for a company/role that does not require a level of risk-taking “No I don’t take risks, especially when work is involved. I always follow company rules and procedures and if I’m ever unsure of something I will always seek clarification first from a line manager or senior member of the team. I’ve seen people take risks at work before, and they usually end up going wrong. In terms of Health and Safety, I would never take risks. I would hate to be part of a situation at work where a member of the team became injured because somebody was taking risks or shortcuts. If I witnessed somebody doing something that they shouldn’t be doing, then I would have to say something and inform my supervisory manager.”

 


تجربه‌های مصاحبه در شرکت شاتل


۷. چطور زمانت را مدیریت می‌کنی؟

مدیریت زمان مفهوم مهمی در هر شرکت و جایگاه شغلی است. برای پاسخ دادن به این سؤال از روش‌ها و ابزارهایی که برای مدیریت زمان استفاده می‌کنید حرف بزنید. با وجود این نشان دهید فردی انعطاف‌پذیر هستید و با تغییر در برنامه‌های‌تان دچار آشفتگی نخواهید شد.

Q 7: What are you like at time management?

“I am very effective at time management. I am the type of person who is extremely organised and knows what they want to achieve during each day. I like to keep lists, which act as a reminder of what I want to achieve and in what timeframe. For example, if I have a busy schedule planned for the forthcoming week, I will always write down what I want to do during that week, the week before. This allows me to plan ahead and also makes sure that I have everything in place so that I can achieve each objective. I fully understand that the role I am applying for will require me to be competent at time management, and I am fully prepared for this.”

 

 

۸. انتقادپذیر هستی؟

هیچ‌کس دوست ندارد اشتباه کنید و کسی هم نیست که با شنیدن انتقاد خوشحال شود. اما اشتباه و به تبع آن انتقاد، بخشی از زندگی کاری همه ما را تشکیل می‌دهد. در جواب‌تان به این نکته توجه کنید که شما می‌توانید از انتقادها برای یاد گرفتن و پیشرفت استفاده کنید و حس منفی نقد و سرزنش، مانع پیشروی شما در کار نمی‌شود.

Q 8: What are you like at taking critisim?

“Whilst working for my current employer, a situation arose where I was criticised for a mistake. At the time of the criticism I felt disappointed in my own performance, but knew it was important to learn from my mistake and improve for next time. I understand that not everybody is perfect and when we make mistakes it is the ability to move on and improve for next time that is important. I spoke with my line manager after the mistake was made, apologised and made certain I improved my performance in that particular area.” 

 

 

۹. در پنج سال آینده خودت را در چه جایگاهی می‌بینی؟

این هم یکی از سؤالات معمول مصاحبه است، برای انتخاب بهترین پاسخ می‌توانید مقاله «برنامه 5 سال آینده شما چیست؟»  را مطالعه کنید.

Q 9: Where do you see yourself in 5 years?

“I believe I am the right person for this job. If successful I would like to further develop my skills and knowledge by initially learning all I can about the role and the organisation. I would also like to enrol on an educational programme in order to develop my skills and work towards a higher position within the company. Above all I will be looking to have developed both personally and professionally during that time.”

 

 

۱۰. چرا می‌خواهی از کارت بیرون بیایی؟

برای جواب دادن به این سؤال از مشکلات‌تان با مدیر یا همکاران‌تان نگویید و از شرکتی که در آن کار می‌کنید ایراد نگیرید. بهتر است بگویید دنبال چالش‌ها و فرصت‌های تازه‌اید و فکر می‌کنید هرکاری که از دستتان برمی‌آمده برای شرکت قبلی انجام داده‌اید.

Q 10: Why do you want to live your current job?

“Although I enjoy my current job I am now ready for a new challenge. I have worked hard for my previous employer and they have been good to me in return. I have learnt an awful lot during my time with them but I am now in a position where I want to embark on new and fresh challenges. I will be leaving my current company with fond memories but I know the time is right for me to move on. Having looked into your company and the role that I’m applying for I feel that I have so much to offer in terms of my experience, drive and enthusiasm and know that I would be a valuable asset to the team.”

 

 

۱۱. اگر در این مصاحبه پذیرفته شدید، برای چند وقت در این شرکت می‌مانید؟

در پاسخ به این سؤال بگویید تصمیم دارید مدت‌زمان زیادی در شرکت جدید کار کنید. به تحقیقاتی که درباره شرکت کرده‎اید اشاره کنید و بگویید فکر می‌کنید اینجا جایی است که می‌خواهید آینده‌تان را در آن سرمایه‌گذاری کنید.

Q 11: If you are successful at interview, how long you plan staying with our company?

“I have looked into both this role and the organisation. I have been impressed with the ambitions and plans that the company have. With that in mind I plan to stay with you for a long time if I am successful. Furthermore, I am serious about my application for this position and excited about the prospect of working with you. I understand that you are going to be investing a lot of time, money and resources into my development and I would intend repaying that investment by being a loyal and competent employee.”

 

 

۱۲. چرا باید این شغل را به تو بدهیم؟

شاید در پاسخ به این سؤال می‌گویید شما بهترین گزینه برای این شغل هستید، اما فراموش نکنید زمانی که از خودتان می‌گویید باید دلایلی مطرح کنید که مصاحبه‌کننده قانع شود شما بهترین فردی هستید که می‌تواند برای این جایگاه شغلی استخدام کند. مثلاً:

  • I have the ability to work in a fast-changing environment that requires commitment, drive and enthusiasm.
  • I am capable of achieving great things for their organisation and thrive under pressurised situations. For example in my previous role I was given a deadline of three days to achieve a highly complex task that required a high level of motivational skills to get the task completed on time. I brought the team together, briefed them on what was expected and monitored each stage of progress carefully.
  • I can make a positive impact on sales/profit or turnover and are dependable in every situation to deliver what is required.
  • I am a team player who has the experiences and skills to match the job description. • I am loyal, hard-working and will act as a positive role model for their organisation.

Q 12: Why should we give you and (not other people) this job?

“Because I genuinely believe that I’m the best person for the job. I understand that there are other people who have the ability to do this job and are highly capable. But I know that I also have that ability. Along with that I bring additional qualities that make me the very best person for the job. My attitude and commitment towards achieving excellence are unparalleled. In my previous role I achieved excellence time and again. I also constantly look for ways to improve myself. To that end I have embarked on an educational course to improve my skills in XYZ. If I am successful today I promise I will impress you and will not let you down. If I am not successful then I will be applying for the next vacancy as I would love to work for your company.”

پیشنهاد می‌کنیم مقاله « چرا باید شما را استخدام کنیم؟» را هم بخوانید. ویدیوی زیر نیز یک نمونه از پاسخ این سوال به زبان انگلیسی را نشان می‌دهد : 

 

۱۳. می‌توانی درباره موقعیتی بگویی که مجبور بودی تحت فشار کار کنی؟

در بعضی از شغل‌ها مثل شغل‌های صنعت تبلیغات یا فروش معمولاً موقعیت‌های کاری سختی وجود دارد. اگر شما تجربه‌ای داشته باشید که تحت شرایط سخت کار کرده‌اید، پس احتمالاً باز هم از پس موقعیت‌های سخت برمی‌آیید.

Q 13: Can you tell us about a situation when you have had to work under pressure?

“Yes, I can. In my current job as car mechanic for a well-known company, I was presented with a difficult and pressurized situation. A member of the team had made a mistake and had fitted a number of wrong components to a car. The car in question was due to be picked up at 2pm and the customer had stated how important it was that his car was ready on time because he had an important meeting to attend. We only had two hours in which to resolve the issue and I volunteered to be the one who would carry out the work on the car. The problem was that we had three other customers in the workshop waiting for their cars too, so I was the only person who could be spared at that particular time. I worked solidly for the next two hours making sure that I meticulously carried out each task in line with our operating procedures. Even though I didn’t finish the car until 2.10pm, I managed to achieve a very difficult task under pressurized conditions whilst keeping strictly to procedures and regulations.”

 


تجربه‌های مصاحبه در شرکت علی بابا


۱۴. می‌توانی از موقعیتی بگویی که با تیم برای رسیدن به یک هدف همکاری کردی؟

توانایی کار در تیم یکی از ویژگی‌هایی است که از هر فردی که تقاضای استخدام در شرکت دارد، انتظار می‌رود. بنابراین با دقت به این سؤال پاسخ دهید و از تجربیات مثبتتان بگویید.

Q 14: Can you tell me about a time when you have worked as part of a team to achieve a goal?

“Yes, I can. I like to keep fit and healthy and as part of this aim I play football for a local Sunday team. We had worked very hard to get to the cup final and we were faced with playing a very good opposition team who had recently won the league title. After only ten minutes of play, one of our players was sent off and we conceded a penalty as a result. Being one goal down and with 80 minutes left to play, we were faced with a mountain to climb. However, we all remembered our training and worked very hard in order to prevent any more goals being scored. Due to playing with ten players, I had to switch positions and play as a defender, something that I am not used to. The team worked brilliantly to hold off any further opposing goals and after 60 minutes we managed to get an equaliser. The game went to penalties in the end and we managed to win the cup. I believe I am an excellent team player and can always be relied upon to work as an effective team member at all times.”

 

 

۱۵. آیا تا حالا پروژه‌ای را به اتمام رسانده‌ای؟ برای این کار بر چه مشکلاتی غلبه کرده‌ای؟

قدرت به پایان رساندن کارها و تمام کردن پروژه‌ها، یکی از آن ویژگی‌هایی است که مصاحبه‌کننده‌ها می‌خواهند در متقاضی ببینند. در واقع، کم هستند آدم‌هایی که می‌توانند از پس مشکلات بربیایند و کارهایشان را به سرانجام برسانند.

برای جواب دادن به این سؤال خوب فکر کنید و موقعیتی را پیدا کنید که با وجود مشکلات و موانع، موفق شدید پروژه‌ای را به پایان ببرید. حتی اگر در فضای کار چنین تجربه‌ای ندارید، از تجربه‌های دانشگاه یا زندگی‌تان که متناسب با جایگاه شغلی‌تان است بگویید.

Q 15: Can you provide us with an example of a project you have had to complete and the obstacles you had to overcome?

“Yes I can. I recently successfully completed a NEBOSH course (National Examination Board in Occupational Safety and Health) via distance learning. The course took two years to complete in total and I had to carry out all studying in my own time whilst holding down my current job. The biggest obstacle I had to overcome was finding the time to complete the work to the high standard that I wanted to achieve. I decided to manage my time effectively and I allocated two hours every evening of the working week in which to complete the work required. I found the time management difficult but I stuck with it and I was determined to complete the course. In the end I achieved very good results and I very much enjoyed the experience and challenge. I have a determined nature and I have the ability to concentrate for long periods of time when required. I can be relied upon to finish projects to a high standard.”

 

 

۱۶. درباره موقعیتی بگو که تیمی را رهبری کردی.

قبل از اینکه بخواهیم به جوابی برای این سؤال فکر کنیم، باید بدانیم معنای رهبری چیست. اگر بخواهیم ساده و خلاصه بگوییم، رهبری هنر انگیزه دادن به آدم‌ها برای رسیدن به هدفی مشترک است. با دانستن این تعریف، می‌توانید به جست‌وجوی تجربه‌های ساده اما مؤثر در دوران کاری‌تان باشید.

Q 16: Can you tell us about a situation where you demonstrated leadership?

“One evening, at the change of shift, I became aware that two members of the team were late for work. There had been heavy snowfall that day and the congestion on the surrounding roads meant that many people could not get to work. I took it upon myself to lead the team through the coming shift and, despite being two people down, we managed to achieve the goal of providing first class service to our customers. To begin with, I briefed the remainder of the team on the difficulty of the task that lay ahead of us. I assessed the skill levels and experience within the team and allocated tasks accordingly. I ensured that I remained confident and in control during the brief so that the team members would have confidence in my ability to manage the problem. As the shift progressed I had a number of different problems to deal with but I remained calm, listened carefully to the problems, and directed accordingly. At the end of the shift we congratulated ourselves on a job well done and discussed the areas in which we felt we could improve, if the same situation was to arise again.”

 

۱۷. بزرگ‌ترین شکستت تا امروز چه چیزی بوده؟

لطفاً در پاسخ به این سؤال نگویید شکست نخورده‌اید، در غیر این صورت اولین شکست زندگی‌تان را تجربه خواهید کرد! هر انسانی در زندگی با موانعی روبه‌رو می‌شود و شکست می‌خورد. اما مهم‌ترین نکته روش رویارویی شما با شکست و درسی است که از آن گرفته‌اید.

Q 17: What has been your biggest failure to date?

“I would say my biggest failure to date is failing an educational course that I embarked upon approximately two years ago. The reason why I failed the course was primarily due to a lack of adequate time set aside for studying. However, I immediately learnt from my mistakes and shortcomings and I booked to re-sit the test immediately. I worked hard during the build up to the re-sit and I spent lots of time studying. I passed the test with flying colors. I certainly learnt a lot from my initial failure and I always make sure that I now prepare fully for everything that I do.”

 

 

۱۸. برای باانگیزه بودن به آدم‌های دیگر نیاز داری یا خودانگیخته‎ای؟

شک نکنید که مصاحبه‌کننده دنبال کارمندان خودانگیخته است. آدم‌هایی که برای انگیزه داشتن به دیگران نیازی ندارند، در هر شرایطی راه‌شان را پیدا می‌کنند و از موفقیت و شکست خود درس می‌گیرند. البته توجه داشته باشید که گفتن اینکه آدم خودانگیخته‌ای هستید به هیچ وجه کفایت نمی‌کند و مصاحبه‌کننده منتظر است تا شما با یکی دو مثال از زندگی واقعی و کاری، این ادعا را ثابت کنید.

Q 18: Do you need other people around to stimulate you, or are you self-motivated?

“Whilst I enjoy working in a team environment I am a highly self-motivated person. I don’t like it when I’m sat around doing nothing, so I’m always on the lookout for new things to do. That applies to when I’m either at home or at work. For example, during my last job when we were going through a quiet spell, I wanted to look for ways to improve the company turnover. Without being asked I set about researching different areas that the company could potentially draw more income streams from. I contacted a number of potential customers and arranged to send them some company literature and sample products. From this work I managed to created six new leads for the company and my manager was very pleased with the fact that I’d been self-motivated enough to try to make a positive difference.”

 

 

۱۹. تا حالا در زندگی به چه موفقیت‌هایی دست پیدا کردی؟

برای جواب دادن به این سؤال به چیزهای که در زندگی به آن افتخار می‌کنید، اشاره کنید. اهمیت دادن به موفقیت‌هایتان نشان می‌دهد شما آدم باانگیزه‌ای هستید و برای رسیدن به موفقیت‌های بیشتر تلاش می‌کنید.

Q 19: Can you tell me about any achievements you have experienced during your life so far?

“Yes I can. So far in my life I have achieved quite a few things that I am proud of. To begin with I achieved good grades whilst at school including a grade ‘A’ in English. I worked very hard to achieve my grades and I’m proud of them. At weekends I play basketball for a local team and I’ve achieved a number of things with them. Apart from winning the league last year we also held a charity match against the local Police basketball team. We managed to raise £500 for a local charity, which was a great achievement. More recently I managed to achieve a huge increase in my fitness levels. I have learnt that you have to work hard in life if you want to achieve things and I have a positive attitude to hard work. My own personal motto is ‘work hard and you’ll be rewarded’.”

 

 

۲۰. کار کردن برای کسی از تو کوچیک‌تر است یا جنسیتش با تو فرق دارد چه حسی دارد؟

مصاحبه‌کننده با مطرح کردن این سؤال می‌خواهد بداند شما اهل تبعیض جنسی یا سنی هستید یا نه. در فضای کاری این روزها، ممکن است بارها برای‌تان پیش بیاید که برای فردی کار کنید که از شما کوچک‌تر است یا جنسیتش با شما فرق دارد. بهتر است به وضوح نشان دهید که سن و جنسیت در کار برای‌تان اهمیتی ندارد و به تنها چیزی که فکر می‌کنید درست کار کردن است.

Q 20: How would you feel about working for someone who is younger than you or of the opposite sex?

“I am of the clear opinion that it doesn’t matter what sex you are, or what age you are; you can still have a tremendous amount to offer a team or a company. I would have absolutely no problem with working for anyone who was younger, older or of the opposite sex to me. In a previous job, where I had been working for eight years, a female work colleague got the promotion that we had both been going for. She was ten years younger than me and had only been with the company for six months. She was clearly a very talented person; I was the first to congratulate her and informed her that I would support her fully in her new role. Over the forthcoming twelve months we built up a fantastic working relationship and I learnt a lot from her professionally. The team was really buzzing and I have to say it was probably my most enjoyable twelve months with that company whilst working for her.”

 


تجربه‌های مصاحبه در شرکت اسنپ فود


۲۱. حقوق درخواستی‌ات چقدر است؟

برای پاسخ به این سؤال همیشه حقوقی را درخواست کنید که هم متناسب با توانمندی‌های شما باشد و هم در بازه‌ی معمول جایگاه شغلی‌تان بگنجد. فراموش نکنید که اگر عددی کمتر از انتظارتان بگویید، دیگر راهی برای مذاکره وجود ندارد، بنابراین بهتر است همیشه بیشترین سطح درخواستی‌تان را مطرح کنید.

Q 21: What salary are you looking for?

“I would like a salary of £23,500 per annum. The reason why I would like this amount is simply because I have the skills, qualifications and experience to perform exceptionally in the role. Even though I believe I am worth £24,000, I would much prefer to start on a lower scale and prove to you how good I am. I feel very strongly that you’ll be pleased with my performance and that I am worth this salary. Although money is not the main motivating factor for me, I do believe that I am worth this amount.”

 

 

۲۲. در شغل قبلی‌ات چه چیزهایی را دوست نداشتی؟

همانطور که گفتیم بهترین پاسخ به این سؤال این است که از کسی یا شرکتی بدگویی نکنید و نشان دهید که به دنبال چالش‌های تازه هستید.

Q 22: What didn’t you like about your last job?

“Basically I am ready for a new challenge. I have been in my previous role for seven years now and I feel the time has come for me to move on. I get on very well with my manager and all of the members in my team. Whilst I will miss them, I don’t feel that I can develop any further in the same position. I am applying for this new job, as I believe I can offer a great deal in terms of my skills and experiences. I am really looking forward to a new challenge and the benefits of working in a brand new environment.”

 

 

۲۳. به نظر ما توانمندی‌های تو از این شغل بیشتر است، نظر خودت چیست؟

در صورتی که مصاحبه‌کننده گمان می‌کند توانمندی‌های شما از جایگاه شغلی موردنظر بیشتر است، باید این ظن را در او از بین ببرید. مصاحبه‌کننده نمی‌خواهد شما نسبت به کارتان کسل و بی‌حوصله باشید پس برایش بگویید که چرا فکر می‌کنید چالش‌های این شغل به شما انگیزه یادگیری و تلاش می‌دهد.

 Q 23: We think that you might be overqualified for this job. What do you think?

“Whilst I admit I am very well qualified, I don’t personally believe that I am overqualified for this post. I am the type of person who does not become bored easily, simply because I am always being creative and looking for new things to do in the workplace. I believe I can be a valuable asset in this post and the extra skills that I do have will hopefully be shared amongst the team. There are many jobs that I could have applied for, but I chose this one because I want to work for your company and your team. It has a very good reputation and everyone who I have spoken to during my research is very satisfied in their job. I have spent much of my career learning new skills and gaining qualifications. Whilst I am always willing to take on new challenges, I am looking for a more stable job where I am comfortable in the role. I can assure you that I will not become bored easily and that whilst I am very well qualified, this will not be an issue. If I am successful then I would like to stay in the post for a long time.”

 

 

۲۴. حتماً شرح وظایف شغلی را خوانده‌ای، کدام یک از این وظایف برایت جذابیت کم‌تری داشت؟

حتماً شرح وظایف شغلی را قبل از مصاحبه بخوانید و در هنگام مصاحبه یک نسخه از آن را داشته باشید. سعی کنید برای پاسخ به این سؤال از هیچ کدام از موارد شرح وظایفتان ابراز نفرت نکنید و بیشتر به مواردی اشاره کنید که جذابیت فوق‌العاده‌ای برایتان دارد.

Q 24: We presume that you have read the job description, so therefore which areas of the job appeal to you the least?

“Yes I have been studying the job description for some time now. To be honest, there aren’t any elements that I wouldn’t find appealing. To begin with, the requirement to deal with customers’ queries and complaints is something that I would very much enjoy. I get a lot of satisfaction out of helping people so this would not be a problem for me. The part in the description that requires you to respond quickly to queries, again is not an issue. I am very organised and always complete tasks at the soonest opportunity. I also understand that there is a requirement for me to record details of every telephone call that I handle. This is fundamental to the role as it is important to keep a track of progress when dealing with customers’ issues. Again, this would not be a problem for me simply because I enjoy being organised.  As mentioned already, there are no elements of the job description that I would dislike. I have carefully studied all elements and would relish the opportunity to work in this role.”

 

معرفی خود در مصاحبه شغلی

۲۵. این خودکار را به من بفروش!

اگر برای شغل فروش درخواست داده باشید، این یکی از سؤالاتی است که احتمالاً با آن روبه‌رو خواهید شد. سعی کنید از مزایای خودکار بگویید و در این حین، تسلط و مهارت‌های ارتباطی‌تان را نشان دهید.

Q 25: Here’s a pen. Sell it to me!

“I’d like to introduce you to one of the world’s greatest inventions – the pen. On first inspection, this small, perfectly formed implement does not appear to be capable of doing much. However, with just a small movement this pen has boundless creativity and it will allow you to communicate with whoever you wish, without having to say a single word vocally. Having personally been an owner of hundreds of pens during my working career, I am a true fan of this writing tool and can personally guarantee that you too will benefit from its truly amazing abilities. The roller ball is really smooth and gives excellent presentation. It is leak proof and slim and sits discretely in your pocket.”

 

 

۲۶. نظرت درباره شرکتی که در حال حاضر در آن مشغولی چیست؟

یکی از مهم‌ترین مواردی که در استخدام کارمندان مطرح است، بحث وفاداری به سازمان است. به عنوان یک فرد حرفه‌ای، هرگز درباره شرکت قبلی‌تان بدگویی نکنید. به هیچ وجه اسرار شرکت را فاش نکنید و در عوض به چیزهایی که در آن یاد گرفته‎اید و ویژگی‌های مثبتش اشاره کنید.

Q 26: What do you think of your current company?

“I think they are great. I’ve had a wonderful time with them over the last few years. They have been very supportive of me and helped me to develop both personally and professionally. They are a well-respected employer and I believe that the skills I have learnt from them will benefit me, and also the next organisation that I work for, which will hopefully be yours. Even though I have had a great time working for them, I am personally ready for a new challenge, which is why I am here today.”

 

 

۲۷. شما فقط ۶ ماه در شرکت قبلی مشغول بودی، چرا اینقدر زود از آنجا بیرون آمدی؟

زمانی که کارتان را زود عوض می‌کنید احتمالاً حال‌تان در آن فضا خوب نبوده. بهترین روش پاسخ به این سؤال این است که صادقانه جواب بدهید و به ویژگی‌هایی اشاره کنید که در شغل جدید به دنبال آن هستید.

Q 27: We see here that you have only been with your current company for 6 months. Why do you want to move so soon?

“I have to be honest here; the job that I joined isn’t what I expected. Whilst the employer is very good, the job has turned out to be different than the one advertised. I applied to become a sales representative, which is where my strengths are, but the job has ended up being an office-based role that requires me to primarily deal with customer queries. Whilst I don’t mind doing this, it isn’t the job that I applied for or the one that was sold to me when I applied. I could sit here and give you other reasons why I want to move on so quickly, but it is important that I am honest. I want you to know that I am not the kind or person who jumps from job to job and I feel certain that my current employer will give me a glowing reference. I am looking for a stable job that is suited to my skills and experiences, and the one I am applying for today certainly fits that description perfectly.”

 

 

۲۸. شما در طول مدت کار خود چند بار مشغول به کار نبوده‌اید، دلیلش چیست؟

برای پاسخ به این سؤال از جواب‌های حرفه‌ای استفاده کنید تا مصاحبه‌کننده قانع شود شما فرد مسئولی هستید. موارد زیر دلایل خوبی برای شکاف موجود در رزومه‌تان خواهد بود:

  • Taking time off work to complete a study of development course
  • traveling to develop yourself or learn about a different language or culture
  • Helping sick relatives or friends
  • Carrying out voluntary work or community work

Q 28: We see there have been some gaps in your employment. Can you explain these?

“I took six months out from work to concentrate on finishing my Diploma educational course. I was eager to gain good grades so I decided to take a gap in my employment to fulfil this desire. It turned out to be a very good choice as I achieved excellent grades.”

 

 

۲۹. از نظر شما موفقیت چیست؟

از اینکه قرار است تعریفی از موفقیت بدهید و موفقیت‌های‌تان را بگویید نترسید؛ اگر کارمند خوبی هستید، این موضوع را به مصاحبه‌کننده نشان دهید.

Q 29: How do you define success?

“I define success in a number of ways. In the working environment I define it as excelling in my position and achieving far more than is expected of me. For example, in my previous role I was required to achieve sales targets of at least a 15% increase on the previous year. I actually managed to achieve a 35% increase, which to me is a huge success. I also define success as being part of a great working team, where everyone is working in harmony towards achieving the company goal. I also define success as being able to achieve all of the targets and objectives within my annual appraisal. Every year so far I have managed to achieve this and I am very proud of my work rate to date. Success for me is also about continuing improvement. I always have something on the go that I am working for. For example, I have just completed a sales management course where I learnt how to manage sales teams with a view to getting the most out of them. On a personal level, success to me is keeping fit and healthy, and also having my friends and family around me. I am a stable and grounded person at home and this allows me to concentrate fully on my work when required.”

 

 

۳۰. مهم‌ترین مشکلات ما در این صنعت چیست؟

یکی از مهم‌ترین ویژگی‌های هر کارمند، احاطه به مسائل مختلف صنعتی است که در آن مشغول به کار است. در صورتی که مدیر یا سرپرست بخشی هستید، این نکته پررنگ‌تر خواهد شد. حتماً قبل از مصاحبه به درکی کلی از صنعتی که قرار است در آن کار کنید و مشکلات و معضلاتی که با آن روبه‌رو خواهید بود برسید.

 

Q 30: What are the main issues facing our industry today?

“At the current time many retailers are facing difficult trading conditions. There are a number of High Street chains closing branches as a result of the recent recession. However, some retailers including yours have managed to buck the trend and have seen positive growth patterns. This is due to innovative thinking and an ability to foresee changes in the market. Other issues that face this industry at present include the dilemma of whether or not to move more business across to the internet. The internet has seen significant growth of late and has been a positive source of income for many retailers. I believe the key to maintaining good growth and development within this industry rests with the managers and the staff that the company employs. Innovative and hard-working individuals will help a company move forward and continue to make significant profits despite the tough trading conditions.”

 

 

۳۱. سؤال دیگری داری؟

Q 31: Do you have any final questions for the panel?

 حالا به انتهای مصاحبه رسیده‌اید. در این لحظه با پرسیدن سؤالاتی بی‌ربط و یا اشتباه می‌توانید کل مصاحبه را خراب کنید. اگر می‌خواهید سؤالی بپرسید، سؤالی کوتاه و مرتبط انتخاب کنید، مثلاً:

این سؤال میزان اشتیاق شما را نشان می‌دهد:

“Yes I just have one question please. If I am to be successful, how soon would it be before I start?” 

این سؤال نشان‌دهنده میزان علاقه شما به شرکت و تحقیقاتی که درباره آن کرده‌اید است:

“I noticed on your website that you have been running a campaign aimed at attracting more customers to your website. Has this been a success?”

“I notice that you have introduced a new exciting product range. Has this been a success?”

این سؤال نشان‌دهنده انگیزه و پشتکار شماست:

 “I appreciate that I am yet to find out whether or not I am successful, but is there anything I can read to prepare myself for the job, just in case I am successful?”

 

منبع : how2become

17 thoughts on “معرفی خود به زبان انگلیسی در مصاحبه شغلی [ ۳۳ سوال و جواب ]

  1. شکوفه

    من واقعا ازتون ممنونم ، جوتب خیلی از سوالاتم رو اینجا به کمک شما پیدا کردم ، ممنون ازتون

  2. یعقوب

    سلام.
    خیلی عالی بود. سپاسگزارم.
    اگه ترجمه فارسی رو هم بذارید فکر میکنم کلی مخاطب خواهید داشت. چون متن فارسی با این همه اطلاعات عالی برای مصاحبه پیدا نکرده بودم. کلی از سوالهایی که قرار بود به فارسی جوابشون رو توی مصاحبه بدم تو این متن پیدا کردم و خیلی عالی نوشته بود.

  3. مهشید

    سلام و وقت بخیر مصاحبه در رشته فناوری اطلاعات اگر نیاز داشتیم شما چه جوری میتوانید در اختیار ما قرار بدین؟

  4. all

    Greetings! Very helpful advice in this particular article! It is the little changes that will make the most important
    changes. Many thanks for sharing!

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